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Periodontal Disease

Periodontal Disease

Periodontal diseases are infections of the gums, which gradually destroy the support of your natural teeth. There are numerous classifications of periodontal disease requiring different treatment approaches. Dental plaque is the primary cause of gum disease in genetically susceptible individuals. Daily brushing and flossing will prevent most periodontal conditions.

Why is oral hygiene so important?

Adults over 35 lose more teeth to gum diseases (periodontal disease) than from cavities. Three out of four adults are affected at some time in their life. The best way to prevent cavities and periodontal disease is by good tooth brushing and flossing techniques, performed daily, and regular visits to your dentist.  Periodontal disease and decay are both caused by bacterial plaque. Plaque is a colorless film, which sticks to your teeth at the gum line. Plaque constantly forms on your teeth. Brushing and flossing daily can remove these germs and help prevent periodontal disease. If not carefully removed, plaque hardens into a rough, porous substance known as calculus (or tartar).

Periodontal treatment is necessary when various conditions affect the health of your gums and the regions of your jawbone, which hold your teeth in place.  Retaining your teeth is directly dependent on proper periodontal care and maintenance.  Healthy gums enhance the appearance of your teeth, like a frame around a beautiful painting.  When your gums become unhealthy, they can either recede or become swollen and red.  In later stages, the supporting bone is destroyed and your teeth will shift, loosen, or fall out.  These changes not only affect your ability to chew and speak; they also spoil your smile.